The Maya: A Very Short Introduction Book

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The Maya: A Very Short Introduction

By Matthew Restall,Amara Solari
  • ISBN Code: : 0190645032
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Pages : 160
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 756
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : the-maya.pdf

Book Excerpt :

The Maya forged one of the greatest societies in the history of the ancient Americas and in all of human history. Long before contact with Europeans, Maya communities built spectacular cities with large, well-fed large populations. They mastered the visual arts, and developed a sophisticated writing system that recorded extraordinary knowledge in calendrics, mathematics, and astronomy. The Maya achieved all this without area-wide centralized control. There was never a single, unified Maya state or empire, but always numerous, evolving ethnic groups speaking dozens of distinct Mayan languages. The people we call "Maya" never thought of themselves as such; yet something definable, unique, and endlessly fascinating - what we call Maya culture - has clearly existed for millennia. So what was their self-identity and how did Maya civilization come to be "invented?" With the Maya historically subdivided and misunderstood in so many ways, the pursuit of what made them "the Maya" is all the more important. In this Very Short Introduction, Restall and Solari explore the themes of Maya identity, city-state political culture, art and architecture, the Maya concept of the cosmos, and the Maya experience of contact with including invasion by outsiders. Despite its brevity, this book is unique for its treatment of all periods of Maya civilization, from its origins to the present.

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This book is a study of a major piece of modern Mayan religious art.

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  • Pdf File: rewriting-maya-religion.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In Rewriting Maya Religion Garry Sparks examines the earliest religious documents composed by missionaries and native authors in the Americas, including a reconstruction of the first original, explicit Christian theology written in the Americas—the nearly 900-page Theologia Indorum (Theology for [or of] the Indians), initially written in Mayan languages by Friar Domingo de Vico by 1554. Sparks traces how the first Dominican missionaries to the Maya repurposed native religious ideas, myths, and rhetoric in their efforts to translate a Christianity and how, in this wake, K’iche’ Maya elites began to write their own religious texts, like the Popol Vuh. This ethnohistory of religion critically reexamines the role and value of indigenous authority during the early decades of first contact between a Native American people and Christian missionaries. Centered on the specific work of Dominicans among the Highland Maya of Guatemala in the decades prior to the arrival of the Catholic Reformation in the late sixteenth century, the book focuses on the various understandings of religious analyses—Hispano-Catholic and Maya—and their strategic exchanges, reconfigurations, and resistance through competing efforts of religious translation. Sparks historically contextualizes Vico’s theological treatise within both the wider set of early literature in K’iche’an languages and the intellectual shifts between late medieval thought and early modernity, especially the competing theories of language, ethnography, and semiotics in the humanism of Spain and Mesoamerica at the time. Thorough and original, Rewriting Maya Religion serves as an ethnohistorical frame for continued studies on Highland Maya religious symbols, discourse, practices, and logic dating back to the earliest documented evidence. It will be of great significance to scholars of religion, ethnohistory, linguistics, anthropology, and Latin American history.

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
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  • Pdf File: archaeoastronomy-and-the-maya.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
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  • Pdf File: maya-intellectual-renaissance.pdf

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When Mayan leaders protested the celebration of the Quincentenary of the "discovery" of America and joined with other indigenous groups in the Americas to proclaim an alternate celebration of 500 years of resistance, they rose to national prominence in Guatemala. This was possible in part because of the cultural, political, economic, and religious revitalization that occurred in Mayan communities in the later half of the twentieth century. Another result of the revitalization was Mayan students' enrollment in graduate programs in order to reclaim the intellectual history of the brilliant Mayan past. Victor Montejo was one of those students. This is the first book to be published outside of Guatemala where a Mayan writer other than Rigoberta Menchu discusses the history and problems of the country. It collects essays Montejo has written over the past ten years that address three critical issues facing Mayan peoples today: identity, representation, and Mayan leadership. Montejo is deeply invested in furthering the discussion of the effectiveness of Mayan leadership because he believes that self-evaluation is necessary for the movement to advance. He also criticizes the racist treatment that Mayans experience, and advocates for the construction of a more pluralistic Guatemala that recognizes cultural diversity and abandons assimilation. This volume maps a new political alternative for the future of the movement that promotes inter-ethnic collaboration alongside a reverence for Mayan culture.

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Commentary on the Maya Manuscript in the Royal Public Library of Dresden Some of those who examine this book will say, that it is too early for a commentary on the "Dresdensis," since Maya research is yet in its infancy, and this opinion is certainly justified inasmuch as a final explanation of that remarkable monument is, of course, impossible at the present time. On the other hand the accounts of the numerous investigations and discoveries which have been made thus far are so isolated and so scattered in the shape of a hundred short magazine articles, that it is certainly desirable to have what we know and what we have still to learn gathered together under one head. This book is intended, therefore, to give an idea of the state of our knowledge in this department of research at this time, when the nineteenth century is passing into the twentieth, with the definite expectation that this work will soon be far outstripped and will possess an historical value only. The contents of the following pages are of very little value, unless the student can compare them with an edition of the manuscript. My first edition was published in 1880 at Leipsic and the second at Dresden in 1892. The edition in Lord Kingsborough's "Mexican Antiquities" (in Volume III of that work, London, 1831) is still of practical use. And since in this work I must premise a knowledge of the elements of the subject, I would recommend, as additional aids to the comprehension of the following pages, my "Erläuterungen zur Mayahandschrift der Königlichen öffentlichen Bibliothek zu Dresden" (Dresden, 1886), and also Brinton, "A Primer of Mayan Hieroglyphics" (in the publications of the University of Pennsylvania. Series in Philology, Literature and Archaeology, Vol. III). I would also mention the very valuable work by {54}Paul Schellhas, "Die Göttergestalten der Mayahandschriften" (Dresden, 1897), which I follow in the designation of the various gods by letters of the alphabet.

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An illuminating look at the myriad communities who have engaged with the ancient Maya over the centuries. This book reveals how the ancient Maya—and their buildings, ideas, objects, and identities—have been perceived, portrayed, and exploited over five hundred years in the Americas, Europe, and beyond. Engaging in interdisciplinary analysis, the book summarizes ancient Maya art and history from the preclassical period to the Spanish invasion, as well as the history of outside engagement with the ancient Maya, from Spanish invaders in the sixteenth century to later explorers and archaeologists, taking in scientific literature, visual arts, architecture, world’s fairs, and Indigenous activism. It also looks at the decipherment of Maya inscriptions, Maya museum exhibitions and artists’ responses, and contemporary Maya people’s engagements with their ancestral past. Featuring the latest research, this book will interest scholars as well as general readers who wish to know more about this ancient, fascinating culture.

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  • Pdf File: the-maya-prophecy.pdf

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According to Mayan prophecy, the world will end December 21, 2012. It is a mystery how the Mayans came to this conclusion; it is also a mystery how to stop certain doom. But in all their wisdom, is there a possibility that the Mayans knew how to postpone the end of the world? If so, could there be an ancient text that reveals the answer archaeologists seek? Anthropologist Kate OHara thinks so. She and a team of fellow academics stumble upon a mysterious Mayan codex while investigating in the Yucatan Peninsula. Before the codex can be authenticated, however, it disappears, and the team begins to receive death threats from a menacing secret society. Luckily, Kate already made a copy of the manuscript, and so begins the lengthy process of translation, despite the terrible danger to their lives. The codex reveals the story of Ahkan, a Maya shaman, and her cousin and soul mate, Took Pac, a priest of the Maya Temple of Kulkulkan. Took Pac discovered a secret text written by the Mayan king and prophet, Chan Bahlam II. Kate believes the answer to the worlds crisis may be found in the words of Chan Bahlam. Now she must try to translate the manuscript in timeand live long enough to share the good news with others.

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Read and download full book Animal Figures in the Maya Codices

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  • Pdf File: the-maya-and-teotihuacan.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • Book Code : 1534529063
  • Total of Pages : 32
  • Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
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  • Pdf File: the-ancient-maya.pdf

Book Short Summary:

How were the daily lives of the ancient Maya different from our daily lives today? What problems did they face as an early civilization in the Americas? Questions such as these are answered as readers examine the ancient Maya through a close study of their history, lifestyle, and traditions. Through well-researched main text, readers are able to compare and contrast this ancient culture with modern civilizations. In addition, accessible maps, informational fact boxes, interesting sidebars, a helpful timeline, and vibrant full-color photographs are included to further explain this essential social studies curriculum topic.

Maya Cultural Activism in Guatemala

By Edward F. Fischer,R. McKenna Brown
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  • Publisher : University of Texas Press
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  • Total of Pages : 255
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Book Short Summary:

Maya Cultural Activism in Guatemala marks a new era in Guatemalan studies by offering an up-to-the-minute look at the pan-Maya movement and the future of the Maya people as they struggle to regain control over their cultural destiny. The successful emergence of what is in some senses a nationalism grounded in ethnicity and language has challenged scholars to reconsider their concepts of nationalism, community, and identity. Editors Edward F. Fischer and R. McKenna Brown have brought together essays by virtually all the leading U.S. experts on contemporary Maya communities and the top Maya scholars working in Guatemala today. Supplementing scholarly analysis of Mayan cultural activism is a position statement originating within the movement and more wide-ranging and personal reflections by anthropologists and linguists who have worked with the Maya over the years. Among the broader issues that come in for examination are the complex relations between U.S. Mayanists and the Mayan cultural movement, efforts to promote literacy in Mayan languages, the significance of woven textiles and native dress, the relations between language and national identity, and the cultural meanings that the present-day Maya have encountered in ancient Mayan texts and hieroglyphic writing.

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Book Short Summary:

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : AuthorHouse
  • Book Code : 1452060207
  • Total of Pages : 140
  • Category : Travel
  • Members : 356
  • Pdf File: maya-latin-and-caribbean-routes.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • Publisher : University Press of Colorado
  • Book Code : 1607329220
  • Total of Pages : 316
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 683
  • Pdf File: return-to-ixil.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Return to Ixil is an examination of over 100 colonial-era Maya wills from the Yucatec town of Ixil, presented together and studied fully for the first time. These testaments make up the most significant corpus of Maya-language documents from the colonial period. Offering an unprecedented picture of material and spiritual life in Ixil from 1738 to 1779, they are rare and rich sources for the study of Maya culture and history. Supplemented with additional archival research, the wills provide new and detailed descriptions of various aspects of life in eighteenth-century Ixil. In each chapter, authors Mark Christensen and Matthew Restall examine a different dimension of Ixil’s colonial history, including the role of notaries, Maya participation in a coastal militia, economy and modes of production, religious life and records, and the structures and patterns of familial relationships. These details offer insight into the complex network of societies in colonial Yucatan, colonial Mesoamerica, and colonial Latin America. Including an appendix presenting the original Maya texts as well as translations by Christensen and Restall, Return to Ixil not only analyzes the largest body of substantive wills in any Mayan language known today but also provides a rare closeup view of the inner workings of a colonial Maya town and the communal and familial affairs that made up a large part of the Maya colonial experience. It will be of great interest to Mayanists as well as to students and scholars of history, anthropology, ethnohistory, linguistics, and social history. The publication of this book is supported in part byBrigham Young University and Penn State University.

Kamala and Maya's Big Idea

By Meena Harris
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : HarperCollins
  • Book Code : 0063018918
  • Total of Pages : 32
  • Category : Juvenile Fiction
  • Members : 412
  • Pdf File: kamala-and-maya-s-big-idea.pdf

Book Short Summary:

INSPIRED BY A TRUE STORY FROM THE CHILDHOOD OF VICE PRESIDENT KAMALA HARRIS! A beautiful, empowering picture book about two sisters who work with their community to effect change, inspired by a true story from the childhood of the author’s aunt, Kamala Harris, and mother, lawyer and policy expert Maya Harris. “A must read for little girls around the world.” —Elizabeth Warren, U.S. Senator from Massachusetts “An inspiring tale.” —Stacey Abrams, Former Minority Leader, Georgia House of Representatives; Founder and Chair, Fair Fight Action “I love this book.” —Megan Rapinoe, Co-Captain, U.S. Women’s National Soccer Team One day, Kamala and Maya had an idea. A big idea: They would turn their empty apartment courtyard into a playground! This is the uplifting tale of how the author’s aunt and mother first learned to persevere in the face of disappointment and turned a dream into reality. This is a story of children’s ability to make a difference and of a community coming together to transform their neighborhood. A New York Times bestseller!

The Memory of Bones

By Stephen Houston,David Stuart,Karl Taube
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Texas Press
  • Book Code : 0292756186
  • Total of Pages : 334
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 968
  • Pdf File: the-memory-of-bones.pdf

Book Short Summary:

All of human experience flows from bodies that feel, express emotion, and think about what such experiences mean. But is it possible for us, embodied as we are in a particular time and place, to know how people of long ago thought about the body and its experiences? In this groundbreaking book, three leading experts on the Classic Maya (ca. AD 250 to 850) marshal a vast array of evidence from Maya iconography and hieroglyphic writing, as well as archaeological findings, to argue that the Classic Maya developed a coherent approach to the human body that we can recover and understand today. The authors open with a cartography of the Maya body, its parts and their meanings, as depicted in imagery and texts. They go on to explore such issues as how the body was replicated in portraiture; how it experienced the world through ingestion, the senses, and the emotions; how the body experienced war and sacrifice and the pain and sexuality that were intimately bound up in these domains; how words, often heaven-sent, could be embodied; and how bodies could be blurred through spirit possession. From these investigations, the authors convincingly demonstrate that the Maya conceptualized the body in varying roles, as a metaphor of time, as a gendered, sexualized being, in distinct stages of life, as an instrument of honor and dishonor, as a vehicle for communication and consumption, as an exemplification of beauty and ugliness, and as a dancer and song-maker. Their findings open a new avenue for empathetically understanding the ancient Maya as living human beings who experienced the world as we do, through the body.

Timber, Tourists, and Temples

By Richard B. Primack,David Bray,Hugo A. Galletti,Ismael Ponciano
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Island Press
  • Book Code : 1610911156
  • Total of Pages : 446
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 110
  • Pdf File: timber-tourists-and-temples.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Stretching across southern Mexico, northern Guatemala, and Belize, the Maya Forest, or Selva Maya, constitutes one of the last large blocks of tropical forest remaining in North and Central America. Home to Mayan-speaking people for more than 5,000 years, the region is also uncommonly rich in cultural and archaeological resources.Timber, Tourists, and Temples brings together the leading biologists, social scientists, and conservationists working in the region to present in a single volume information on the intricate social and political issues, and the complex scientifc and management problems to be resolved there. Following an introductory chapter that presents GIS and remote sensing data, the book: considers perspectives on managing forest resources and the forestry and conservation policies of each nation examines efforts by communities to manage their forest resources explains the connections between resource conservation and use by local people highlights research projects that integrate baseline biological research with impact assessments explains the need to involve local people in conservation effortTimber, Tourists, and Temples explores methods of supporting the biological foundation of the Maya Forest and keeping alive that unique and diverse ecosystem. While many areas face similar development pressures, few have been studied as much or for as long as the Maya Forest. The wealth of information included in this pathbreaking work will be valuable not only for researchers involved with the Maya Forest but for anyone concerned with the protection, use, and management of tropical forest ecosystems throughout the world.

Experiential Constructions in Yucatec Maya

By Elisabeth Verhoeven
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
  • Book Code : 9027292574
  • Total of Pages : 380
  • Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Members : 513
  • Pdf File: experiential-constructions-in-yucatec-maya.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book combines a fieldwork-based language-specific analysis with a typological investigation. It offers a detailed and comprehensive analysis of the form and semantics of experiencer constructions in Yucatec, the Mayan language of the Yucatecan peninsula in Mexico. Since the linguistic expression of experience is not restricted to a specific grammatical area the study touches a great variety of grammatical fields in the language such as argument structure, grammatical relations, possessive constructions, subordinate constructions, etc. The empirical analysis of the Yucatec data is preceded by a thorough examination of the functional domain and the cross-linguistic coding of experience which until now could not be found in the literature. This study will be of interest to scholars working in the fields of typology and Native American linguistics, and especially to those interested in argument structure and the syntax-semantics interface.

The Mysterious Maya Civilization

By Emily Mahoney
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Greenhaven Publishing LLC
  • Book Code : 1534561854
  • Total of Pages : 104
  • Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Members : 944
  • Pdf File: the-mysterious-maya-civilization.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Though Mayan culture has existed for more than 3,500 years, researchers and historians have only recently started unlocking some of the mysteries behind this Central American society. Thoroughly researched text guides readers through the gripping history of the Maya, including a detailed description of Maya culture. The main text is supplemented with engaging sidebars, full-color photographs, historical images, and expert, annotated analysis from leading scholars.

Fireflies

By Maya Khandelwal
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Partridge Publishing
  • Book Code : 1482888890
  • Total of Pages : 244
  • Category : Psychology
  • Members : 620
  • Pdf File: fireflies.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Trisha knows she isnt a kid anymore. Maybe she isnt exactly an adult woman yet but she is really ready to move on. She often worries that she isnt getting breasts like most of her friends. She is worried lest she should be the first one in the whole class to get periods or maybe the last one orwhat if she got her first period right in the middle of the class and bleed right through her pants and everyone saw itwhat if her pad someday fell out of her bag? OMG! This was the day. Mom, what if I get it in the class? she had expressed her deep most concern to her Mum one day. If you get cramps in the class, tell the teacher you have a headache and ask to go to the nurses office. And what am I to tell the nurse? Trisha had asked foolishly. Tell the nurse the truth of-course, but you dont have to announce to the whole class that you have menstrual cramps. Periods. Acne. Body-odour. Unwanted hair. Andmuch more. Those are the biggies every girl in the class is wondering about. Learn more about this book at: www.firefliesmk.com

Tools and Treasures of the Ancient Maya

By Matt Doeden
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Lerner Publications ™
  • Book Code : 1541508076
  • Total of Pages : 40
  • Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Members : 734
  • Pdf File: tools-and-treasures-of-the-ancient-maya.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Do you use a calendar? Have you ever played basketball? These things were important to the ancient Mayans too. About four thousand years ago, they invented tools and treasures that still shape our lives. Find out where and how the ancient Mayans lived, and learn about their mysterious disappearance. Discover how they changed the world!

Mayan People Within and Beyond Boundaries

By Peter Hervik
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1135393036
  • Total of Pages : 248
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 144
  • Pdf File: mayan-people-within-and-beyond-boundaries.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Mayan People Within and Beyond Boundaries explores the Maya of Yucatan, the Maya of academic institutions and the Maya of the tourist industry. It examines the interplay between the local and the external, academic categories of the Maya, and seeks to transcend the paradoxical and incongruent relationship between the social spaces that breathe life into the categories. The notion of "shared social experience" is introduced to embody a focus on reflexivity that goes beyond the subjective position of the author and helps demystify the coexisting subjectivities characteristic of ethnographic fieldwork. It provides a basis for overcoming the exclusive focus on "author," " text," and "discourse" in contemporary postmodernist ethnography, while still conveying important ethnographic information.

Maya's Aura - The Crystal Witch

By Skye Smith
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Skye Smith
  • Book Code : 0988131463
  • Total of Pages : 138
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 703
  • Pdf File: maya-s-aura-the-crystal-witch.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Cover Flap This is the sixth novel in the “Maya’s Aura” series. This naughty novel of magic and mayhem begins with Maya hanging with some witchlets in an ancient pub near Cambridge, England. Through them she meets a formidable Wicca and together they set up what can only be described as a Wicca Ashram. Maya is on a quest for the source of the heirloom ring given to her by her great-grandmother, which leads her to archaeological digs, in which some very ancient crystal pendants have been found. When she sleeps with one these pendants around her neck, she has vivid dreams of the life of its original owner, a healer who lived a thousand years ago. So vivid, and so clear are the dreams that her companions begin to log them, and thru Maya have conversations with the memories of a peasant woman long since dead. What they find out threatens to turn an entire field of history upside down. About the Author Skye Smith is my pen name. My family convinced me not to use my real name because my stories are so critical of predator males. You'll understand and forgive me this as you fall in love with sweet Maya, my main character. For those of you who like stories about vampires, witches, and magic, you won’t be disappointed by my very different, more realistic take on it all. My vampires are parasites wearing business suits. My witches are healers ignored by the modern world. My magic is based on aura’s, and everyone has felt or seen an aura at least once in their lives. Other Novels By The Same Author: The Hoodsman – 12 historical adventures set in the Norman conquest. Knut – many historical adventures set in the Viking Era. The Pistoleer – 9 historical adventures set in the English Civil War. Maya’s Aura – 8 new age adventures while tripping around the world. 1. “The Awakening” - She discovers her strange aura. 2. “The Refining” - She learns how to use her aura. 3. “The Ashram” - She searches for answers in India 4. “Goa to Nepal” - She follows a quest into the Himalayas 5. “The Charred Coven” - She fights black craft in England. 6. “The Crystal Witch” - She learns psychic craft in England 7. “The Redemptioner” - Psychic dreams of her ancestor Britta. 8. “Destroy the Tea Party” - Britta’s adventures in Boston in 1773.

Lost Cities of the Mayan Empire

By Rhandel Lopez
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : DTTV PUBLICATIONS
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 94
  • Category : History
  • Members : 861
  • Pdf File: lost-cities-of-the-mayan-empire.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Chichén Itzá Although many ancient civilizations have influenced and inspired people in the 21st century, like the Greeks and the Romans, none have intrigued people like the Mayans, whose culture, astronomy, language, and mysterious disappearance continue to captivate people today. Chichén Itzá, the most visited and most spectacular of the Late Classic Maya cities, is at the center of the fascination. In the later years of Maya civilization, Chichen Itzá had been inhabited for hundreds of years. In developing columns and exterior relief decoration, Chichén Itzá probably had over 30,000 residents at its peak, with a spectacular pyramid, enormous ball court, observatory, and several temples to boast. The sacred cenote at Chichén Itzá, a sinkhole used for Maya rituals surrounding water, is of particular interest. The Maya regarded it as a primary concern because adequate water was rarely found on the limestone-based Yucatan surface. The underwater archeology conducted in the cenote at Chichén Itzá found that offerings (including people, possibly) were thrown into the sinkhole in honor of the Maya rain deity Chaac. Despite its long history, Chichén Itzá had a relatively short period where it dominated the region, lasting from 800-950 CE. Nowadays, guides take tourists to one of the temples called the Nunnery for no good reason other than that the small rooms remind them of a nunnery back home.